Viceroy Butterfly in the Everglades

Viceroy Butterfly in the Everglades


The Viceroy Butterfly (Limenitis archippus) is a North American butterfly with a range from the Northwest Territories along the eastern edges of the Cascade Range and Sierra Nevada mountains, southwards into central Mexico.

Its wings feature an orange and black pattern, and over most of its range it is a Müllerian mimic with the Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus). Wingspan is between 53 and 81 mm. The Monarch is bigger and doesn’t have the postmedian black line that runs across the veins on the hindwing. In Florida, Georgia, and the Southwest, Viceroys share the pattern of the Queen Butterfly (Danaus gilippus) and in Mexico they share the pattern of the Soldier Butterfly (Danaus eresimus). In all three areas, the Viceroy populations mimic the coloration of the local Danaus species. It was originally believed that the Viceroy was a Batesian mimic of the three other species, in that it was presumably edible or only mildly unpalatable to predators, but this has since proven not to be true.

The caterpillar feeds on trees in the willow family Salicaceae, including willows (Salix), and poplars and cottonwoods (Populus). The caterpillars sequester the salicylic acid in their bodies, which makes them bitter, and upsets predators’ stomachs. As further protection, the caterpillars, as well as their chrysalis stage, resemble bird droppings. Adults are strictly diurnal, they fly preferentially in the late morning and early afternoon.

The Viceroy was named the state butterfly of Kentucky in 1990.

Subject Photo exif Data

    Share on Google+0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Facebook18Share on LinkedIn0Pin on Pinterest0Digg this

    Tags: , ,



    1. San439 says:

      Totally Awesome

    2. KevinC says:

      Impressive indeed Alan

    3. Tim.D says:

      I take it you live in Florida! :).

    4. Anna.Soriota says:

      I’m very impressed by your shots!

    5. Robert.Lenny says:

      Alan, do you take people out for photo trips??

    6. mrsroadrunner says:

      Beautiful Alan!!

    7. Alan S. Hochman says:

      Thank you kindly!

    8. BobbyS says:

      Great photo. Do you only photograph in Florida?

    9. Anna.Soriota says:

      Alan, You got treal alent

    10. Maxine.R says:


    11. RobertoS25 says:

      Keep up the great work Alan

    12. Victoria says:

      Wonderful pictures from Mother Nature

    13. Alan S. Hochman says:

      Thank you Victoria


    Leave a Comment


    XHTML: You can use these tags:
    <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>


    TO PREVENT SPAM, PLEASE ANSWER THE FOLLOWING. THEN PRESS * Time limit is exhausted. Please reload CAPTCHA.

    Skysa App Bar